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THE LIFE, TIMES AND WORKS OF
FEDERICO GARCIA LORCA:
A CHRONOLOGY OF EVENTS
I: - 1924
Federico García Rodríguez, the poet’s father, is born in Fuente Vaqueros, a village near Granada, in Andalusia, Spain..
Marries Matilde Palacio, his first wife.
Vicenta Lorca, the poet’s mother, receives her Teaching Diploma and takes up teaching post in Fuente Vaqueros.
4 October 1894:
Matilde Palacio dies. Childless.
27 August 1897:
García Rodríguez marries Vicenta Lorca Romero.
loss of Spain’s last colonies; Angel Ganivet commits suicide in Helsinki.
Federico García Lorca born in Fuente Vaqueros. In the house pictured below; today casa-museo.
1. poet at the age of one. 2. Birthplace in Fuente Vaqueros. 3. Poet at the age of 6. 4. Poet, front row centre with extraordinary hat, in school group photo.
1906: Alfonso XIII accedes to the throne.
1906 or earlier: Lorca's family moves to the nearby village of Asquerosa, today re-named Valderrubio.
1908-9: He is sent to boarding school in Almeria, but returns home before completing the school year because of an minor gum infection.
1909-1914: Lorca attends school, el Colegio del Sagrado Corazón, preparing for the Bachillerato (university entrance exam); takes music lessons with Antonio Segura (pictured below).
1914-1918: First World War and economic recovery in Spain.
February 1915: Passes Bachillerato. Enrols at the University to do Literature and Law.
April 1916: An essay entitled Mi pueblo (My Village), first known piece of creative writing produced by García Lorca.
26 May 1916: Antonio Segura, Lorca’s music teacher dies, aged 74.
“As his parents didn’t allow him to move to Paris to continue his music studies, and as his music teacher died, García Lorca turned his creative urge to poetry.” (Autobiographical note, written for his first roommate at Columbia University, NY, 1929.)
Lorca goes on the first of various study trips through Spain with Martín Domínguez Berrueta. He meets Antonio Machado in Baeza (Jaén).
15 October - 8 November:
Second study trip, to Castilla la Vieja and Galicia via Madrid. On this trip he meets Miguel de Unamuno in Salamanca.
Lorca’s first published work Fantasía Simbólica appears in the Boletín del Centro Artístico de Granada.
29 June 1917:
He writes his first poem: Canción. Ensueño y confusión.
Study trip with Berrueta to Madrid, Burgos and Palencia. He has some articles published in the Diario de Burgos that will re-appear in Impresiones y paisajes
Russian Revolution and revolutionary general strike in Spain
His first book of prose Impresiones y Paisajes is published.(Cover pictured below.) Starts working on poems that will appear in Libro de poemas.
His first published poem Crisantemos blancos appears in the magazine Renovación.
11. February 1919:
Three people are killed by the police in Granada during protests against curruption in the municipal government.
Late April/early May 1919: Lorca moves to Madrid, with letters of recommendation (written by Fernando de los Ríos) to the poet Juan Ramón Jiménez and Alberto Jiménez Fraud, director of the Residencia de Estudiantes.He meets Ángel del Río, Guillermo de Torre, Adolfo Salazar, Gerardo Diego, Pedro Salinas, etc.
19 August 1919: Manuel de Falla takes up residence in Granada; Lorca had met him on one of his previous visits (1917).
October 1919: Lorca returns to Madrid and takes up residence at the Residencia de Estudiantes,where he gets to know Luis Buñuel, José Bello, José Moreno Villa, etc.
1921: Following the initiative taken by Miguel Cerón, Lorca and Manuel de Falla and many of the Rinconcillo group start making preparations for the Cante Jondo Competition to be held the following summer. (See picture above.)
February 1922: He gives his talk on El cante jondo. Primitivo canto andaluz at the Centro Artístico y Literario in Granada. This is a spin-off from the preparations being made for the forthcoming Cante Jondo Competition. And publicity for it.
June 1922: Gives a reading from Poema del cante jondo at the Alhambra Palace Hotel in Granada.
13/14 June 1922: The Cante Jondo Festival in the Plaza de los Aljibes at the Alhambra.
6. January 1923: He organises a puppet show for children at his parents’ flat in Granada with the collaboration of Manuel de Falla and Hermenegildo Lanz. The show includes Lorca’s adaption of the Andalusian folktale La niña que riega la albahaca y el príncipe preguntón.
End January 1923: Lorca finally graduates in Law, but his literary studies remain abandoned forever.
June 1919: Fernando de los Ríos elected socialist member of the Cortes.
October 1920: Fernando de los Ríos participates in the Comintern meeting in Moscow, where he votes against Lenin’s concept of communism.
1921: Disaster of Annual (Marocco).
16 June 1919: Reads narrative poem with a theme similar to El Maleficio de la Mariposa to Gregorio Martínez Sierra, director of the Eslava theatre, and the actress, Catalina Bárcena in the Gardens of the Generalife.
22 March 1920: Lorca’s first play El Maleficio de la Mariposa performed in Madrid. Meets with the derision of the audience.
1920: He writes the first of his Suites, a collection of poems never published in his lifetime.
15 June 1921: Libro de Poemas, Lorca’s first book of poetry, published. This summer he is working on the Tragicomedia de don Cristóbal y la señá Rosita. He also writes the first poems of Canciones.
November 1921: is writing Poema del Cante Jondo.
Summer 1922: At Valderrubio, he finishes his Tragicomedia de don Cristóbal...
Madrid - Puerta del Sol - in 1921.
February 1923: LIFE
After a year and a half´s absence, Lorca is allowed to return to the Residencia de Estudiantes, where he meets Salvador Dalí.
Summer 1923: WORKS
In Valderrubio he is working on the play Mariana Pineda and the light opera Lola la comediante (in collaboration with Falla). Writes the first poems of Romancero Gitano (Romance de la luna, luna) and starts work on La Zapatera Prodigosa
13 September 1923: EVENTS
Primero de Rivera’s coup.
November 1923: LIFE
Meets Rafael Martínez Nadal.
December 1923: LIFE
Attends a performance of Pirandello’s Six Characters in Search of an Author.
April 1924: LIFE
Meets the painter Gregorio Prieto.
Summer 1924: LIFE
Juan Ramón Jiménez visits Lorca in Granada.
Summer 1924: WORKS
This year he finishes his book of Canciones and continues writing Romancero Gitano: Romance de la luna, luna,Romance de la pena negra (dated 30 July) and La monja gitana (20 August). He also completes the first act of La Zapatera prodigiosa.
Autumn 1924: LIFE
Meets Rafael Alberti at the Residencia. Dalí returns to Madrid after his year’s absence owing to his expulsion from the Escuela de Bellas Artes de San Fernando.
Autumn 1924: WORKS
José Moreno Villa draws his attention to the passage in a nineteenth century French book about the rosa mutabilis, inspiration for Doña Rosita la soltera, o El lenguaje de las flores
October 1924: EVENTS
André Breton publishes first surrealist manifesto.