Life Times and Works

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THE LIFE, TIMES AND WORKS OF

FEDERICO GARCIA LORCA:

A CHRONOLOGY OF EVENTS

I: - 1924


PRE-HISTORY

1859:

Federico García Rodríguez, the poet’s father, is born in Fuente Vaqueros, a village near Granada, in Andalusia, Spain..

1879:

He marries Matilde Palacio, his first wife.

1892:

Vicenta Lorca, the poet’s mother, receives her Teaching Diploma and takes up teaching post in Fuente Vaqueros.

4 October 1894:

Matilde Palacio dies. Childless.

27 August 1897:

García Rodríguez marries Vicenta Lorca Romero.

1898:

Loss of Spain’s last colonies in Cuba and the Philippines; Angel Ganivet commits suicide in Helsinki.

5 June:

Federico (del Sagrado Corazón de Jesús) García Lorca born in Fuente Vaqueros.


PICTURES: One-year-old Lorca / birthplace in Fuente Vaqueros; today casa museo /Lorca's first year at school: that's him in the front row wearing a funny hat / six-year-old Lorca

LIFE

1906 or earlier: Lorca's family moves to the nearby village of Asquerosa, today re-named Valderrubio.

1908-9: He is sent to boarding school in Almeria, but returns home before completing the school year because of a minor (?) gum infection.

Spring 1909: His family move to Granada.

1909-1914: Lorca attends school, el Colegio del Sagrado Corazón, preparing for the Bachillerato (university entrance exam); takes music lessons with Antonio Segura (pictured below).

11 November 1911: Lorca attends performance of Fernando Villaespesa’s play El alcázar de las perlas

11 March 1915: Joins the Centro Artístico y Literario de Granada and starts to attend the discussions of the Rinconcillo group in La Alameda. For more about El Rinconcillo, follow this link.

26 May 1916: Antonio Segura, Lorca’s music teacher dies, aged 74.

As his parents didn’t allow him to move to Paris to continue his music studies, and as his music teacher died, García Lorca turned his creative urge to poetry.” (Autobiographical note, written for his first roommate at Columbia University, NY, 1929.)

June 1916: Lorca goes on the first of various study trips through Spain with Martín Domínguez Berrueta. He meets Antonio Machado in Baeza (Jaén).

15 October - 8 November: Second study trip, to Castilla la Vieja and Galicia via Madrid. On this trip he meets Miguel de Unamuno in Salamanca.

Summer 1917: Study trip with Berrueta to Madrid, Burgos and Palencia. He has some articles published in the Diario de Burgos that will re-appear in Impresiones y paisajes


Antonio Segura - Lorca's music teacher

TIMES

SPAIN 1906: Alfonso XIII accedes to the throne.

WORLD 1914-1918: First World War and economic recovery in Spain.

WORLD November 1917: Russian Revolution and revolutionary general strike in Spain

GRANADA February 1919: Three people are killed by the police in Granada during protests against corruption in the municipal government.

Teenaged Lorca

SPAIN June 1919: Fernando de los Ríos elected socialist member of the Cortes (Spanish parliament).

WORLD October 1920: Fernando de los Ríos participates in the Comintern meeting in Moscow, where he votes against Lenin’s concept of communism.



SPAIN 1921: Disaster of Annual (Marocco)

Late April/early May 1919: Lorca moves to Madrid, with letters of recommendation (written by Fernando de los Ríos) to the poet Juan Ramón Jiménez and Alberto Jiménez Fraud, director of the Residencia de Estudiantes.He meets Ángel del Río, Guillermo de Torre, Adolfo Salazar, Gerardo Diego, Pedro Salinas, etc.

19 August 1919: Manuel de Falla takes up residence in Granada; Lorca had met him on one of his previous visits (1917).

October 1919: Lorca returns to Madrid and takes up residence at the Residencia de Estudiantes,where he gets to know Luis Buñuel, José Bello, José Moreno Villa, etc.

1921: Following the initiative taken by Miguel Cerón, Lorca and Manuel de Falla and many of the Rinconcillo group start making preparations for the Cante Jondo Competition to be held the following summer. (See picture right.)

13/14 June 1922: The Cante Jondo Festival in the Plaza de los Aljibes at the Alhambra. (Pictured right.)

6. January 1923: He organises a puppet show for childrenat his parents’ flat in Granada with the collaboration of Manuel de Falla and Hermenegildo Lanz. The show includes Lorca’s adaption of the Andalusian folktale La niña que riega la albahaca y el príncipe preguntón.

End January 1923: Lorca finally graduates in Law, but his literary studies remain abandoned forever.

February 1923: After a year and a half´s absence, Lorca is allowed to return to the Residencia de Estudiantes, where he meets Salvador Dalí.

November 1923: Meets Rafael Martínez Nadal.

December 1923: Attends a performance of Pirandello’s Six Characters in Search of an Author.

Summer 1924: Juan Ramón Jiménez visits Lorca in Granada.

Autumn 1924: Meets Rafael Alberti at the Residencia. Dalí returns to Madrid after his year’s absence owing to his expulsion from the Escuela de Bellas Artes de San Fernando.

CHRONOLOGY 1925 - 1928

follow the link

Page udated 19 APR 2019

SPAIN 13 September 1923: Primero de Rivera’s coup.

WORLD October 1924: André Breton publishes first surrealist manifesto.

Madrid - Puerta del Sol - in 1921.

Prize-winner Diego Bermúdez, performing at the Cante Jondo competition.

-DALÍ - Self portrait

16 June 1919: Reads narrative poem with a theme similar to El Maleficio de la Mariposa to Gregorio Martínez Sierra, director of the Eslava theatre, and the actress, Catalina Bárcena in the Gardens of the Generalife.

22 March 1920: Lorca’s first play El Maleficio de la Mariposa performed in Madrid. Meets with the derision of the audience.

1920: He writes the first of his Suites, a collection of poems never published in his lifetime.


15 June 1921: Libro de Poemas, Lorca’s first book of poetry, published. This summer he is working on the Tragicomedia de don Cristóbal y la señá Rosita. He also writes the first poems of Canciones.

November 1921: is writing Poema del Cante Jondo.

February 1922: He gives his talk on El cante jondo. Primitivo canto andaluz at the Centro Artístico y Literario in Granada. This is a spin-off from the preparations being made for the forthcoming Cante Jondo Competition. And publicity for it.

June 1922: Gives a reading from Poema del cante jondo at the Alhambra Palace Hotel in Granada.

 Summer 1922:

At Valderrubio, he finishes his Tragicomedia de don Cristóbal.

Mariana Pineda

Summer 1923: In Valderrubio he is working on the play Mariana Pineda and the light opera Lola la comediante (in collaboration with Falla). Writes the first poems of Romancero Gitano (Romance de la luna, luna) and starts work on La Zapatera Prodigosa

Summer 1924: This year he finishes his book of Canciones and continues writing Romancero Gitano: Romance de la luna, luna,Romance de la pena negra (dated 30 July) and La monja gitana (20 August). He also completes the first act of La Zapatera prodigiosa.

Autumn 1924: José Moreno Villa draws his attention to the passage in a nineteenth century French book about the rosa mutabilis, inspiration for Doña Rosita la soltera, o El lenguaje de las flores