Life times and Works 3

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CHRONOLOGY III: 1929 - 1932



Holy Week:

Lorca takes part as a penitent in the santa María de la Alhambra procession.

5 May:

Banquet in honour of Lorca and Margarita Xirgú on the occasion of the performance of Mariana Pineda in Granada.

11 June:

Passes through Paris on his way to Southampton and thence to New York. Travelling with Fernando de los Ríos.

17 June:

In Oxford.

19 June:

Sets sail for New York. He enrolls at Columbia University for a course in English and lives at the Furnald Hall student residence.

16 August:

Visits Philip Cummings at Eden Mills (Vermont). Lorca leaves a packet of papers with Cummings which contain a diatribe against “those working against him”, including Dali. Lorca asks Cummings to destroy them if anything happens to him; which he does, in 1961.

29 August:

Leaves Eden Mills to stay with Ángel del Río at Bushnellsville in the Catskill Mountains and later Federico ico de Onís at Gardnertown, Newburgh.

20 September:

Returns to New York and takes up residence this time at John Jay Hall, Columbia University.


Wedding in Granada of Lorca’s sister, Concha, with the doctor Manuel Fernández-Montesinos.




In Cadaqués, Dalí and Buñuel are working on their surrealistic film Un chien andalou.

6 June:

First showing of Le chien andalou in Paris

October 1929:

Wall Street Crash




La degollación de los inocentes published in La Gazeta Literaria with an illustration by Dalí (the last collaboration between the two).

6 Febrary:

The performance of el Amor de Don Perlimplín con Belisa en su jardín, being rehearsed at Cipriano Rivas Cherif’s Caracol theatre, is banned on the eve of its opening night purportedly because of the death of King Alonso XIII’s mother.

29 April:

Mariana Pineda is performed in Granada.


writes the first poems of Poeta en Nueva York ( Rey de Harlem and 1910(Intermisión) ).

End 1929:

Writes poem Infancia y muerte and filmscript Viaje a la Luna for Mexican artist Emilio Amero.




LEFT: Fernando de los Rios, family friend, takes Lorca to NY. CENTRE: self-portrait of poet in NY. RIGHT: New York ca. 1930.


LIFE. January :

Leaves John Jay Hall to share a room with José Antonio Rubio Sacristán (an old friend from the Resi in Madrid) who has just arrived in New York.

TIMES, 28 January:

Dictator Primo de Rivera is replaced by more moderate General Dámaso Berenger.

LIFE, 6 February:

La Argentinita and Ignacio Sánchez Mejías arrive in New York. Starts working with La Argentinita on arrangements for voice and piano accompaniment of Spanish popular songs.

LIFE, 6 March:

Arrival in Cuba. Friendship with the Loynaz family.

WORKS, March-June:

Gives talks in Cuba on La mecánica de la poesía; Paraíso cerrado...; Canciones de cuna españoles; La imagen poética de don Luis de Góngora; La arquitectura del cante jondo. He is also working on El Público (which he finishes in the summer in Granada and later in the year reads in Carlos Morla Lynch’s house in Madrid) and Así que pasen cinco años. Writes Son de negros en Cuba and finishes Oda a Walt Whitman.

LIFE, 30 June:

Arrives in Cádiz, Spain.

TIMES, 12 December:

Military rebellion in favour of the Republic in Jaca (Huesca). Its leaders, Galán and García Hernández are executed.

WORKS, 24 December:

Opening night of La Zapatera Prodigiosa in Madrid.




WORKS January

Ruina, Vida, Muerte. Nueva York (oficina y denuncia) appear in Revista de Occidente.

LIFE February:

Moves into a rented studio in calle Ayala,Madrid.

WORKS March:

La Voz de su Amo releases five records of Canciones populares españolas sung by La Argentinita with Lorca accompanying her at the piano.

Meets the Argentinian actress Lola Membrives.

TIMES 12 April:

Municipal Elections.

TIMES 14 April:

King Alfonso XIII abdicates.

WORKS 23 May:

El Canto Jondo published (written ten years earlier).

WORKS 19 August:

Así que pasen cinco años finished and dated. This summer at the Huerta de San Vicente he is also working on Retablillo de Don Cristóbal, El Amor de Don Perlimplín and Diván del Tamarit.

WORKS November:

The founding of La Barraca, the travelling students’ theatre group of which Lorca is appointed artistic director.




LIFE March-May

A series of talks for the Comités de Cooperación Intelectual in Valladolid, Seville, Vigo, La Caruña, Salamanca, Santiago de Compostela, Madrid and San Sebastián. Rehearsals of La Barraca.

WORKS 10 July:

First public performance of La Barraca in Burgo de Osma: La cueva de Salamanca. Tour ends with a performance of La vida es sueño in Madrid.

WORKS Summer:

Finished Bodas de sangre at the Huerta de San Vicente.

TIMES 10 August:

General Sanjurjo attempts insurrection against the Republic..

LIFE August/Semptember:

On tour with La Barraca

WORKS September:

reads Bodas de Sangre, which he had written in august in the Huerta de San Vicente in Granada, in Carlos Morla’s house in Madrid .

LIFE October:

Barraca performance of La vida es sueño at Isabel la católica theatre, Granada.

LIFE Autumn:

Lorca’s parents move to Madrid. Lorca gives up his own flat and moves in with them.

LIFE December:

Barraca performance of La vida es sueño at Español theatre, Madrid.

LIFE December:

Meets Miguel Hernández.