Life times and Works 3

Granada la bella

 

 

where anything is possible

THE LIFE, TIMES AND WORKS OF FEDERICO GARCIA LORCA:

CHRONOLOGY III: 1929 - 1932

1929

LIFE

Holy Week:

Lorca takes part as a penitent in the santa María de la Alhambra procession.

5 May:

Banquet in honour of Lorca and Margarita Xirgú on the occasion of the performance of Mariana Pineda in Granada.

11 June:

Passes through Paris on his way to Southampton and thence to New York. Travelling with Fernando de los Ríos.

17 June:

In Oxford.

19 June:

Sets sail for New York. He enrolls at Columbia University for a course in English and lives at the Furnald Hall student residence.

16 August:

Visits Philip Cummings at Eden Mills (Vermont). Lorca leaves a packet of papers with Cummings which contain a diatribe against “those working against him”, including Dali. Lorca asks Cummings to destroy them if anything happens to him; which, of course, it does and he does, in 1961.

29 August:

Leaves Eden Mills to stay with Ángel del Río at Bushnellsville in the Catskill Mountains and later Federico ico de Onís at Gardnertown, Newburgh.

20 September:

Returns to New York and takes up residence this time at John Jay Hall, Columbia University.

December:

Wedding in Granada of Lorca’s sister, Concha, with the doctor Manuel Fernández-Montesinos.

 

TIMES

January:

In Cadaqués, Dalí and Buñuel are working on their surrealistic film Un chien andalou.

6 June:

First showing of Le chien andalou in Paris

October 1929:

Wall Street Crash

 

WORKS

January:

La degollación de los inocentes published in La Gazeta Literaria with an illustration by Dalí (the last collaboration between the two).

6 Febrary:

The performance of el Amor de Don Perlimplín con Belisa en su jardín, being rehearsed at Cipriano Rivas Cherif’s Caracol theatre, is banned on the eve of its opening night purportedly because of the death of King Alonso XIII’s mother.

29 April:

Mariana Pineda is performed in Granada.

August:

writes the first poems of Poeta en Nueva York ( Rey de Harlem and 1910(Intermisión) ).

End 1929:

Writes poem Infancia y muerte and filmscript Viaje a la Luna for Mexican artist Emilio Amero.

LEFT: Fernando de los Rios, family friend, takes Lorca to NY. CENTRE: self-portrait of poet in NY. RIGHT: New York ca. 1930.

 

1930

LIFE.

January :

Leaves John Jay Hall to share a room with José Antonio Rubio Sacristán (an old friend from the Resi in Madrid) who has just arrived in New York.

6 February:

La Argentinita and Ignacio Sánchez Mejías arrive in New York. Starts working with La Argentinita on arrangements for voice and piano accompaniment of Spanish popular songs.

6 March:

Arrival in Cuba. Friendship with the Loynaz family.

30 June:

Arrives in Cádiz, Spain.

 

TIMES

28 January:

Dictator Primo de Rivera is replaced by more moderate General Dámaso Berenger.

12 December:

Military rebellion in favour of the Republic in Jaca (Huesca). Its leaders, Galán and García Hernández are executed.

 

WORKS

March-June:

Gives talks in Cuba on La mecánica de la poesía; Paraíso cerrado...; Canciones de cuna españoles; La imagen poética de don Luis de Góngora; La arquitectura del cante jondo. He is also working on El Público (which he finishes in the summer in Granada and later in the year reads in Carlos Morla Lynch’s house in Madrid) and Así que pasen cinco años. Writes Son de negros en Cuba and finishes Oda a Walt Whitman.

24 December:

Opening night of La Zapatera Prodigiosa in Madrid.

 

LEFT: La Argentinita. CENTRE: On tour with La Barraca. RIGHT: La Barraca emblem

1931

 

LIFE

January:

Meets the Argentinian actress Lola Membrives.

February:

Moves into a rented studio in calle Ayala,Madrid.

 

TIMES

 

12 April:

Municipal Elections.

14 April:

King Alfonso XIII abdicates.

 

WORKS

January

Ruina, Vida, Muerte. Nueva York (oficina y denuncia) appear in Revista de Occidente.

March:

La Voz de su Amo releases five records of Canciones populares españolas sung by La Argentinita with Lorca accompanying her at the piano.

23 May:

El Canto Jondo published (written ten years earlier).

19 August:

Así que pasen cinco años finished and dated. This summer at the Huerta de San Vicente he is also working on Retablillo de Don Cristóbal, El Amor de Don Perlimplín and Diván del Tamarit.

November:

The founding of La Barraca, the travelling students’ theatre group of which Lorca is appointed artistic director.

 

 

1932:

 

LIFE

 

March-May

Ha series of talks for the Comités de Cooperación Intelectual in Valladolid, Seville, Vigo, La Caruña, Salamanca, Santiago de Compostela, Madrid and San Sebastián. Rehearsals of La Barraca.

 

August/Semptember:

On tour with La Barraca

 

October:

Barraca performance of La vida es sueño at Isabel la católica theatre, Granada.

 

Autumn:

Lorca’s parents move to Madrid. Lorca gives up his own flat and moves in with them.

 

December:

Barraca performance of La vida es sueño at Español theatre, Madrid.

Meets Miguel Hernández.

 

WORKS

 

10 July:

First public performance of La Barraca in Burgo de Osma: La cueva de Salamanca. Tour ends with a performance of La vida es sueño in Madrid.

 

Summer:

Finished Bodas de sangre at the Huerta de San Vicente.

 

September:

reads Bodas de Sangre, which he had written in august in the Huerta de San Vicente in Granada, in Carlos Morla’s house in Madrid .

 

 

 

TIMES

 

10 August:

General Sanjurjo attempts insurrection against the Republic.