lorca after lorca

Granada la bella



where anything is possible 

THE (POSTHUMOUS) LIFE, TIMES AND WORKS

OF FEDERICO GARCIA LORCA: PART 1

(18 AUGUST 1936 - 20 NOVEMBER 1975)

With his death, the voice of the poet was silenced – in Spain at least. In the rest of the world his fame grew and he had become a modern classic of world literature by the 1950s for works like The Gypsy Ballad Book, Poet in New York, Blood Wedding, Yerma, and The House of Bernarda Alba.


LORCA - a modern classic of world literature, while just beginning to emerge out of an imposed obscurity in Spain

1930s & 1940s


October 1936

H.G.Wells, in the name of the  International PEN Club London, sends a telegram to the Franco regime, asking for confirmation of thewell-being and  whereabouts of the poet

In the same months, Antonio Machado, publishes his poem El crimen fue en Granada

 

July 1937

Homage at the Second International Congress of Writers in Valencia

 

April 1939

Defeat of the Republic; end of Civil War.

 27 May 1939

in a Times Literary Supplement review of Poems translated by Stephen Spender and J.L. Gili: “Everyone probably now agrees that he was one of the greatest poets of this century”.

 

June 1940

Poeta en Nueva York published in Mexico

 July – October

Divan del Tamarit published in New York

 August

Family arrive in New York, where his father, Federico García Rodríguez will die, on 30 September 1946.

 

1942

His brother Paco marries Laura de los Ríos, daughter of Fernando de los Ríos († 31 May 1949 in New York).

 

1945

The first performance of La casa de Bernarda Alba put on by Margarita Xirgú (picture right) in Buenos Aires

 

1948

French Lorca scholar Claude Couffon begins his investigations; the hostile reaction to an article he writes for Figaro, published 18.8.51, prompts him to publish a follow-up two years later.

Spain excluded from Marshall Aid

 

1949

British writer Gerald Brennan undertakes an unsuccessful search for Lorca's grave

1950s


1950:

La casa de Bernarda Alba: the first of his plays to be produced in post-Republic Spain.

 

August 1951

family return to Spain to their flat in Madrid

 

Septemper 1953

Madrid Pact: American military bases in exchange for economic and military aid

Berlanga & Bardem’s film Bienvenido Mr Marshall (see image opposite)

 

1955-6

Agustín Penón spends time in Granada, researching the death of the poet.

 

December 1955

Spain allowed to join UNO.

 

April 1956

Manuel Fernández-Montesinos (Lorca's nephew) is charged with spreading illegal propaganda, a leaflet expressing solidarity with a group of students arrested after a confrontation with a group of armed Falangists in Feb 56. In January 1957 he is released from prison and later that year (Oct) packed off to Germany to continue his studies (and keep him out of trouble).

 

9 April 1958

His mother Vicenta Lorca dies

 

December 1959

Eisenhower meets Franco in Madrid

 

For four decades or so, his name was virtually taboo in Franco’s Spain. But little by little, from the 1960s, his place in the country’s literature and history was re-asserted. Facts that had been hidden were revealed, previously unpublished works were made known, and unperformed plays were put on.

1960s & 1970s


1962

Recopilation of Claude Couffon articles published; in Spanish, 1964. (Picture right: Couffon and wife in Víznar.)

Spain applies to European Economic Community (EEC) to start negotiations for association.

10 October

José Tamayo directs the first performance of Bodas de Sangre in Spain after the poet’s death. Decorations by José Caballero.

 

1965

Ian Gibson starts research for a thesis on Lorca’s poetry and is sidetracked by the question of his death.

 

1967

Marie Laffranque. Les idées esthétiques de FGL, published in Paris.

 

13-16 May 1968

Homage to Lorca at the University of Granada: featuring Juan de Loxa; Rafael Guillén, Elena Martín Vivaldi

 

1970

EEC offers preferential status to Spain.

 

1971

Ian Gibson. La represión nacionalista de Granada en 1936 y la muerte de FGL, published in Paris.

 

1972:

UNESCO homage to Lorca in Paris

 

1975

The Huerta de San Vicente is threatened with demolition by a city plan that plans a road through it. Francisco García Lorca sends telegram of protest to the Mayor of Granada. There is already talk of converting it into a museum.

 1 May

Paco (Francisco) dies in Madrid.

 The Planeta publishing house awards the prize “espejo de España” to José Luis Vila-San-Juan for his book García Lorca asesinado: todo la verdad. (Brenan, Couffon, Lafranque and Gibson remain banned)

March - April

The local newspaper Ideal publishes interviews with Brennan, Angelina Cordobilla, Vila-San-Juan and Antonia Rodrigo under the title “conversations around the death of García Lorca”

7 October

La Peña de Realejo decide to pay tribute to FGL.

 20 November

Franco dies