where anything is possible
The Cante Jondo Competition held in Granada.
We see the winner of the competition on stage
Lorca is there towards the back, holding on to his boater.
Paco Soriano is at the front in glasses.
La nina de los peines is waiting for her turn, the only woman, foreground left.
MANUEL (ANGELES) ORTIZ (1895-1984) was also a painter, illegitimate son of Isabel Angeles Ortiz Gallardo, whose name he used, and a very close friend of Lorca’s. One day they saw two gypsies in the street who had been very badly beaten up by the Guardia Civil. They were in such a bad state that Manuel fainted and had to be brought here to the Café Alameda to be brought round. In 1919 he married a gypsy, Francisca, who dies in 1922, after giving birth to a daughter, Isabel Clara. She was Lorca’s goddaughter and he dedicated to her the poems “Primera Página” and “Canción China en Europa”. After the death of Francisca he went to Paris to join the Spanish School of Painters with Picasso and Miró. He made the decorations and the puppets for Falla’s “Retablo de Maese Pedro”.
Martín Domínguez Berrueta, Professor of the History of Art.
the numbers, 2,368 officially matriculated students in the year 1911-12, enabled a close, informal relation between students and teachers, as in the case of Martín Domínguez Berrueta, Professor of the History of Art.
Martín Domínguez Berrueta (1869-1920), was Professor of the Theory of Literature and Arts in Granada from 1911 to 1920. He was influenced by the Free Institute of Education and sought to overcome the traditional formality of the Spanish University and to create an atmosphere based on sharing and cooperation. From 1913 he organised his annual study trips. Mora congratulates Buerrueta on managing to secure from the ministery a modest subvention for these study trips, which all seemed to pass through Salamanca, the professor’s home town. It was on return from his second trip, Mora points out, that Lorca came home with the notes for his first book in his suitcase.
Lorca’s friend, José Mora Guarnida, describes Berrueta thus: “He was a spectacular parody of a teacher. His cheap histrionics and his vanity inclined him towards exaggerated and exalted attitudes.”
The influence of these two men at the university in genral and on Lorca in particular is certain.
MELCHOR FERNANDEZ ALMAGRO (1893-1966) was from a cultured liberal family. He was influenced by Angel Ganivet and interested in local history. He was co-director of the bulletin of the “Centro Artístico” dedicated to Zorrilla in 1917 that included “Fantasia Simbólica”, Lorca’s first published work. He was a close friend of Lorca’s family and did all he could to encourage Lorca’s literary inclinations. He was a post office civil service and got posted (pun) to Madrid in 1919, where he acted as a cultural “St John the Baptist” for Lorca who moved to Madrid shortly afterwards. He was also a journalist and newspaper critic, writing for the conservative-monarchist La Epoca until 1927, then moving to the liberal La voz, a move which Lorca heartily approved of.
ANTONIO GALLEGO BURIN (1895-1961) was Mayor of Granada under Franco’s dictatureship from 1938-1951 and later Director General of Fine Arts at the University. He has written possibly the best guide to Granada. He was also editor of the magazine where Lorca’s first published Lorca “Crisantemos blancos” appeared.
JOSE FERNANDEZ-MONTESINOS LUSTAU (1897-1962) was the founder of the magazine “Granada”. In 1922 he went to Hamburg and in 1927 he published there an anthology of contemporary Spanish poetry providing an introduction and notes in German. On Lorca, he wrote that the poet lacked a formal cultural education which was noticable in the poems. Later he went to Berkely, USA. His brother, Manolo, who married Concha in 1929, and as Mayor of Granada was executed three days before Lorca, was an occasional participant in “El Rinconcillo”.
ISMAEL GONZALEZ DE LA SERNA (1898-1968) was a painter, a Bohemian, who designed the cover of “Impresiones y Paisajes”. He moved to Madrid and then to Paris.
HERMENEGILDO LANZ (1893-1949) was an artist who helped Lorca and Falla with their puppet theatre for children, and also made decorations and puppet heads for Falla’s “Retablo”. In 1927 he was responsible for the decorations and figures for “El Gran Teatro del Mundo” by Calderón, put on by Antonio Gallego Burín in the Plaza de los Aljibes during Corpus.
ANGEL BARRIOS FERNANDEZ (1882-1964) was, like Lorca, a pupil of Antonio Segura Mesa. His father, Antonio Barrios, was a flamenco singer, El Polinario, who ran a tavern which is today the Museum Angel Barrios, and was then a meeting place for artists visiting the Alhambra. Apart from being a flamenco singer he had two more qualities that were unusual in an innkeeper: he was an art-lover and he didn’t water down the wine. Angel played the piano, the violin and the guitar and also composed himself a little. With the Trio Iberia (guitar, lute and bandurria) he toured Europe, performing before King Edward VII of England.
FRANCISCO GARCIA LORCA (1902-1976) participated in “El Rinconcillo”. He graduated in 1922, just before his brother, and in 1925-6 had a scholarship to study in France. In 1927 he was awarded his Doctorate in Law. In 1931 he entered the Diplomatic Corps, on the outbreak of the Civil War he was in Cairo. In 1939 hw went into exile in New York, where Fernando de los Ríos was Ambassador of the Republic. In 1942 he married Fernando’s daughter, Laura. Until 1966 he was Professor of Spanish Literature and published various works of literary criticism.
Madrid - Puerta del Sol - in 1921.