granada la bella
where anything is possible
CHIKITO - used to be Cafe Alameda: meeting place of the Rinconcillo
11 March 1915 was the date on which Lorca, aged 16, officially joined the Centro Artístico y Literario de Granada and started to attend the discussions of the Rinconcillo. Among a group of artists, writers and intellectuals, Lorca was at that time its only musician - for it was as an aspiring musician he was then known; his literary inclinations first came to light two years later - after the death of his music teacher, Antonio Segura.
The discussion forum El rinconcillo arose out of a controversy over the "facile and worn-out Orientalist cliché" that prevailed among a section of Granada's intellectual and social elite (the same cliché that had inspired Villaespesa'spopular and at that time acclaimed work). The criticism was most strongly worded by Constantin Ruiz Carnero (editor and later director of El Defensor de Granada) who spoke of "pettiness, an atmosphere of petty lies, pious deceit and conventionality of forms".
Between May and October 1915 the Centre published a monthly magazine called Granada to promote its aesthetic views. The editors and their friends met every night in the Cafe Alameda - today Chikito - in a corner behind the stairs, and thus el rinconcillo was born.
Federico with his brother Paco (Francisco)
Francisco graduated in 1922, won a scholarship to study in France in 1925-6, was awarded his Doctorate in Law in 1927, and entered the Diplomatic Corps in 1931.
Lorca with Constantino Ruiz Carnero, photographed at the Huerta de San Vicente
Like Lorca, Ruiz Carnero would be a victim of the Nationalist repression in Granada a few years after this photo was taken
MELCHOR FERNANDEZ ALMAGRO (1893-1966) was from a cultured liberal family. He was influenced by Angel Ganivet and interested in local history. He was co-director of the bulletin of the Centro Artístico dedicated to Zorrilla in 1917 that included Fantasia Simbólica, Lorca’s first published work. He was a close friend of Lorca’s family and did all he could to encourage Lorca’s literary inclinations. He was a post office civil service and got posted (pun) to Madrid in 1919, where he acted as a sort of cultural “St John the Baptist” for Lorca, who moved to Madrid shortly afterwards. He was also a journalist and newspaper critic, writing for the conservative-monarchist La Epoca until 1927, then moving to the liberal La voz, a move which Lorca heartily approved of.
ISMAEL GONZALEZ DE LA SERNA (1898-1968) was a painter, a Bohemian, who designed the cover of Impresiones y Paisajes. He moved to Madrid and then to Paris. He was poet Ramón Gómez de la Serna's cousin.
HERMENEGILDO LANZ (1893-1949) was an artist who helped Lorca and Falla with their puppet theatre for children, and also made decorations and puppet heads for Falla’s Retablo. In 1927 he was responsible for the decorations and figures for El Gran Teatro del Mundo by Calderón, put on by Antonio Gallego Burín in the Plaza de los Aljibes during Corpus.
ANTONIO GALLEGO BURIN (1895-1961) was Mayor of Granada under Franco’s dictatureship from 1938-1951 and later Director General of Fine Arts at the University. He has written possibly the best guide to Granada. He was also editor of the magazine where Lorca’s first published poem Crisantemos blancos appeared.
JOSE FERNANDEZ-MONTESINOS LUSTAU (1897-1962) was the founder of the magazine Granada. In 1922 he went to Hamburg and in 1927 he published there an anthology of contemporary Spanish poetry providing an introduction and notes in German. On Lorca, he wrote that the poet lacked a formal cultural education and that this was noticable in the poems. Later he went to Berkely, USA. His brother, Manolo, who married Concha in 1929, and as Mayor of Granada was executed three days before Lorca, was an occasional participant in El Rinconcillo.
FRANCISCO GARCIA LORCA (1902-1976) participated in El Rinconcillo. He graduated in 1922, just before his brother, and in 1925-6 had a scholarship to study in France. In 1927 he was awarded his Doctorate in Law. In 1931 he entered the Diplomatic Corps, on the outbreak of the Civil War he was in Cairo. In 1939 hw went into exile in New York, where Fernando de los Ríos was Ambassador of the Republic. In 1942 he married Fernando’s daughter, Laura. Until 1966 he was Professor of Spanish Literature and published various works of literary criticism.
In El Rinconcillo Lorca was considered as a musician among a group of predominantly writers and artists until he surprised them with his first literary works and the publication of Impresiones y Paisajes in 1918.
Angel Barrios: portrait by Manuel Angles Ortiz
With the Trio Iberia (guitar, lute and bandurria) he toured Europe